FAQs

What is Ergonomics & Office Ergonomics?
Ergonomics is the science of designing work and workplaces to accommodate user’s physical and psychological needs. It aims to minimize users’ limitations and amplify their capabilities. "Office Ergonomics" is the application of ergonomic principles in an office setting. The objective of office ergonomics is to maximize the quality of working life and to minimize the occurrence of Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD).

Advantages Of Ergonomics Office Furniture
Ergonomic office furniture will provide you with a comfortable and safe workplace. It will help to prevent injury or strain at your workplace. Ergonomic office furniture is furniture that is easily adjustable as per the user’s requirement, both in height and angle.

It will help to setup a workplace free of risk from Repetitive strain injury, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and other musculoskeletal disorders, which are generally caused by the uncomfortable ordinary furniture at the workplace. Those who are challenged by a physical disability will appreciate the adjustable and ergonomic designs, which conform to special needs.

When you are starting a workplace, you need to provide the employees with ergonomic office furniture and proper training should be given to utilize the ergonomic office furniture. When you are setting up the ergonomic office furniture at your home office, you need to understand how to adjust before taking it to your home.

Ergonomic office furniture should include the ergonomic chair, ergonomic desk, ergonomic PC, which are easily adjustable and provide a safe and comfortable workplace. Ergonomic office furniture greatly reduces downtime and worker’s compensation claims. Management and employees can now be more cost effective by utilizing ergonomic office furniture.

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When most people think about job safety and hazards in the workplace, they think about construction and manufacturing work environments.

Office hazards are either forgotten or ignored because many people think the hazards are minor when compared to the hazards of other work environments.

Office work environments often have some of the same hazards of their associated environments. Office personnel are exposed to chemicals, lifting hazards, ergonomic issues, slip and trip hazards, and others.

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are the most commonly occurring hazards in modern offices. These injuries result from poorly designed workstations, and inadequate job design.

 

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are syndromes characterized by discomfort, impairment, disability, or persistent pains in joints, muscles, tendons or other soft tissues. They are the most common self-reported, work-related illness in many workplaces. High incidence rates for WMSDs have been reported for workers in a wide range of industries including office work, manufacturing, agriculture and numerous manual materials handling occupations.

WMSD can result in direct costs, such as compensation and medical expenditure, as well as indirect costs such as disruption in productivity and quality, worker replacement costs, training and absence costs. It has become a major concern because of the negative impact on the health and productivity of employees and is therefore a significant problem for employers and workers to pay attention to.

As many of us spend a significant amount of time on our personal computers at work, good ergonomics at the work place is critical. By learning the proper way to handle and use office equipment, we will be able to prevent undesirable health problems such as headaches, neck and shoulder pain.Musculoskeletal Disorders can be caused by any of the following factors:

  • If the user maintains an unnatural or unhealthy posture while using the computer
  • If the lower back support is inadequate for the user
  • If the user continues to sit in the same position for an extended period of time
  • If the set up of the workstation is ergonomically poor.

 

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are syndromes characterized by discomfort, impairment, disability, or persistent pains in joints, muscles, tendons or other soft tissues. They are the most common self-reported, work-related illness in many workplaces. High incidence rates for WMSDs have been reported for workers in a wide range of industries including office work, manufacturing, agriculture and numerous manual materials handling occupations.

Musculoskeletal Disorders: Types
The different types of Musculoskeletal Disorders are as follows:

  • Repetitive Strain Injury
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Other Ergonomics Problem

The term Repetitive Strain Injury is generally used to describe the overused syndrome associated with particular repetitive activity. They are generally caused by the work-associated activities such as using keyboards and mouse. The term includes a group of disorders that most commonly develop in workers using excessive and repetitive motions of the head and neck extremity.

Repetitive Strain Injury occurs when the movable parts of the limbs are injured. Repetitive Strain Injury usually caused due to repetitive tasks, incorrect posture, stress and bad ergonomics. Repetitive Strain Injury generally causes numbness, tingling, weakness, stiffing, and swelling and even nerve damage. The chief complaint is the constant pain in the upper limbs, neck, shoulder and back.

The main cause of this main are the repetitive activities, forceful activities of arms and hand and awkward postures. The other causes of Repetitive Strain Injuries are sitting in a fixed posture and poor workplace ergonomics.

The Repetitive Stress Injury generally affects the group of workers who generally use excessive and repetitive motion of the neck and head are at high risk. The work pattern of computer professionals carries a lot of orthopedic disorders. For the people who work on computer for more than few hours a day, who use musical instruments and who work in production line are at risk of Repetitive Strain Injury.

The Repetitive Strain Injury is not a life threatening injury for it can cause pain and disability. The Repetitive Strain Injury is the worst as it may lead to permanent incapacity. As Repetitive Strain Injury recovery is being a slow process, it is better to take treatment at early stage itself.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a pinched nerve (called the Median nerve) in the wrist. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the inflammatory disorder that is caused due to repetitive stress, physical injury or any other condition that causes the tissues around the median nerve to inflate.

Actually carpal tunnel is a small canal or tunnel runs from the forearm through the wrist. Bones form three walls of the tunnel, which are bridged by strong, broad ligament. The median nerve passes through this tunnel, which actually supplies feeling to the thumb, index, and ring fingers, the nine tendons that flex the fingers and also provides function for the thenar muscles, which are actually the muscles at the base of the thumb.

When the protective lining of the tendons within the carpal tunnel inflamed and swell or when the ligament that forms the roof becomes thicker and broader leads to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. The result is compression on median nerve fibers due to the swollen tendons and thickened ligaments; there will be slow down in the transmission of the nerve signals through this carpal tunnel.

This ultimately results in pain, numbness, and tingling sensation in the wrist, hand, and fingers leaving the little finger, as it not affected by the median nerve which is nothing but the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Fig- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
Carpal tunnel syndrome is also categorized as repetitive stress injuries, cumulative trauma disorder, overuse syndromes, chronic upper limb pain syndrome, or repetitive motion disorders which are all associated generally with repetitive and forceful use of the hands that damages the muscles and bones.

Many believe that constant repetitive use of the hand causes the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. This is referred to as repetitive or accumulative trauma disorders. This results in wrist pain and numbness to the thumb and first two fingers.

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A. Adjust seat height; thighs should be approximately parallel to the floor. Seat pan short enough (front to back) for knee clearance and with a waterfall front edge.

B. Adjustable back rest to accommodate the normal curve of the lower spine.

C. Articulating monitor arm supporting flat panel display. Top one-third of the screen at or below eye level; distance from operator a minimum of 18", typically at arm's length.

D. Elbow relaxed. Lower arm open at least 90°-100° to upper arm with keyboard platform set at 0°-6° negative tilt.

E. Wrists should be a natural extension of the forearm, not angled up or down.

F. Keyboard flat at elbow level with palm rest to support hands during rest.

G. Feet resting firmly on the floor; footrest needed if feet are not supported by the floor.

H. Document holder in line with front of monitor. Height and angle adjusted for the comfort of the user.